It is named for Danish-born Russian mariner Vitus Bering, who first spotted the Alaskan mainland while exploring the area with an expedition of Russian sailors in the mid-18th century. Major towns that lie along the Strait include Lorino (1,267 people) and Lavrentiya (1,459 people). [16][17][18][19][20], Suggestions have been made to construct a Bering Strait bridge between Alaska and Siberia. In 1732, Mikhail Gvozdev crossed it for the first time, from Asia to America. crossing the international dateline); a four-man British expedition, Kayaks Across the Bering Strait; and a team of Californians in a three-person biadarka, led by Jim Noyes (who launched his ambitious expedition as a paraplegic). Our map of the Bering Sea with location, statistics, history, boundaries, connection between Russia and Alaska. [10], August 2008 marked the first crossing of the Bering Strait using an amphibious road-going vehicle. Traditionally, the indigenous peoples in the area had frequently crossed the border back and forth for "routine visits, seasonal festivals and subsistence trade", but were prevented from doing so during the Cold War. It was abandoned when the undersea Atlantic Cable proved successful. BERING is a Danish watch and jewellery brand, inspired by the arctic beauty. pp. A new study suggests that humans couldn’t have traversed through the corridor until about 12,600 years ago, thus bringing about the end of the Bering Strait Theory. In 1648, Semyon Dezhnyov probably passed through the strait, but his report did not reach Europe. 3 (11th ed.). [9] They were soon arrested for not entering Russia through a border control. Map of Bering Sea by World Atlas. Through organized trips and the use of special permits, it is possible for foreigners to visit. Bering Island (Russian: о́стров Бе́ринга, ostrov Beringa) is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea. The larger island, Big Diomede (Russian It was visited in 1778 by the third voyage of James Cook. The country has only been independent since 2006 and the country is developing fast. Bering Island (Russian: о стров Бе ринга) is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea.At 90 kilometers (56 mi) long by 24 kilometers (15 mi) wide, it is the largest of the Commander Islands with the area of 1,660 square kilometers (640 sq mi). The Diomede Islands are a pair of rocky islands located in the middle of the Bering Strait between mainland Alaska and Siberia. Read the travel guide Rome2rio makes travelling from Unimak Island to Bering Strait easy. Though the two islands are only 3.8 km apart and clearly in a single group, they are separated by the International Date line which also marks the international border between Russia and the United States. The Strait has been the subject of the scientific theory that humans migrated from Asia to North America across a land bridge known as Beringia when lower ocean levels – perhaps a result of glaciers locking up vast amounts of water – exposed a wide stretch of the sea floor,[1] both at the present strait and in the shallow sea north and south of it. In March 2006, Briton Karl Bushby and French-American adventurer Dimitri Kieffer crossed the strait on foot, walking across a frozen 90-kilometer (56 mi) section in 15 days. The groups were: seven Alaskans, who called their effort Paddling Into Tomorrow (i.e. There are exciting experiences in store for those, who embark on a walking holiday in Montenegro. [23][24][25] However, citing national security concerns, the CIA and FBI experts opposed the Soviet plan by arguing that while the plan was feasible, it would compromise NORAD and thus the dam could be built at only an immense cost. Established as a national monument in 1978 and then deemed a national preserve in 1980, Bering Land Bridge National Preserve protects a piece of this ancient crossroad that is vital to the understanding of earth and human history. Since 2012, the Russian coast of the Bering Strait has been a closed military zone. The specially modified Land Rover Defender 110 was driven by Steve Burgess and Dan Evans across the straits on its second attempt following the interruption of the first by bad weather. The strait averages 98 to 164 feet (30 to 50 metres) in depth and at its narrowest is about Despite the unprecedented engineering, political, and financial challenges, Russia green-lighted a US$65-billion TKM-World Link tunnel project in August 2011. Unauthorized travelers who arrive on shore after crossing the strait, even those with visas, may be arrested, imprisoned briefly, fined, deported and banned from future visas.[2]. Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2017 года (31 июля 2017). The graves on Beechey Island. [5], In 1987, swimmer Lynne Cox swam a 4.3-kilometer (2.7 mi) course between the Diomede Islands from Alaska to the Soviet Union in 3.3 °C (37.9 °F) water during the last years of the Cold War. Photograph: Kieran Mulvaney The Arctic is warming, and its sea ice is melting, prompting fevered dreams of ever-easier access, and a … Vitus Bering died on December 8, 1741 on Bering Island, east of Kamchatka. St. Matthew Island is said to be the most remote place in Alaska. Bering Island is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea. The International Date Line runs equidistant between the Strait's Diomede Islands at a distance of 1.5 km (1 mi), leaving the Russian and American sides usually on different calendar days, with Cape Dezhnev 21 hours ahead of the American side (20 hours during daylight saving time). Explore this cemetery for graves, information and tombstones for names in Bering Island Gravesite in Bering Island, Kamchatka Krai, a Find A Grave Cemetery. The Bering Strait (or Bering sea) is a marginal sea on the Northern end of the Pacific ocean between North America and North East Asia (Siberia). American vessels were hunting for bowhead whales in the strait by 1847. The relatively flat sea lies between the West coast of Alaska (USA) and the East coast of Siberia (Russia). Архивировано 31 июля 2017 года. [12], In July 2012, six adventurers associated with "Dangerous Waters", a reality adventure show under production, made the crossing on Sea-Doos but were arrested and permitted to return to Alaska on their Sea-Doos after being briefly detained in Lavrentiya, administrative center of the Chukotsky District. [29] It was completely closed, and there was no regular passenger air or boat traffic. [26] Soviet scientist D. A. Drogaytsev also opposed the idea, stating that the sea north of the dam and north-flowing rivers in Siberia would become unnavigable year round, and the Gobi and other deserts would be extended to the northern Siberia coastline. Rome2rio’s travel guides to the US tell you the best ways to explore the country, from Amtrak to Greyhound to the New York Subway. Adm. Charles Ray told a U.S. Senate panel Tuesday that the Coast Guard knew Russia was conducting military exercises in August and failed to inform members of the U.S. Bering … [23], American Charles P. Steinmetz earlier proposed to widen the Bering Strait by removing St. Lawrence Island and parts of Seward and Chukotski Peninsulas. Béringovo móre) is a marginal sea of the Northern Pacific Ocean.It forms, along with the Bering Strait, the divide between the two largest landmasses on Earth: Eurasia and The Americas. Vitus Bering, in full Vitus Jonassen Bering, (born 1681, Horsens, Denmark—died December 19, 1741, Bering Island, near the Kamchatka Peninsula), navigator whose exploration of the Bering Strait and Alaska prepared the way for a Russian foothold on the North American continent. Karaginsky Island, Bering Sea. As designed by Petr Borisov, the Soviet project called for a 90-kilometer-wide (56 mi) dam across the Bering Strait. There are 8 ways to get from Rakino Island to Bering Strait by ferry or plane Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. People of on both sides of the Bering Strait are united by language, kinship, tradition, and dependence on their environment. By pumping low-salinity cold surface water across the dam to the Pacific, warmer and higher salinity sea water from the Atlantic Ocean would be introduced into the Arctic Ocean. The village of Nikolskoye is home to 800 people, roughly The western coast belongs to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia. It is easy when looking at a globe of the earth, to become captivated by the narrow gap separating North America and Siberia. During the Cold War, the Bering Strait marked the border between the Soviet Union and the United States. [3] It borders the Chukchi Sea (part of the Arctic Ocean) to the north and the Bering Sea to the south. The Bering Sea (/ ˈ b ɛər ɪ ŋ, ˈ b ɛr ɪ ŋ /, US also / ˈ b ɪər ɪ ŋ /; Russian: Бе рингово мо ре, tr. Danish-born Russian navigator Vitus Bering entered it in 1728. The Death of the Bering Strait Theory Courtesy Mikkel Winther Pedersen Looking south through what was once the “ice-free corridor” in present-day Canada. The Diary Review: Steller on Bering Island, The Commander Islands (Comandorsky State Nature Reserve) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ベーリング島&oldid=80373482. Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld in 1878–79 sailed along the northern coast of Siberia, thereby proving that there was no northern land bridge from Asia to North America. Accompanying the Californians was a film crew in a umiak, a walrus-skin boat traditional to the region; they were filming the 1991 documentary Curtain of Ice, directed by John Armstrong.[7][8]. The Bering Strait is about 82 kilometers (51 mi) wide at its narrowest point, between Cape Dezhnev, Chukchi Peninsula, Russia, the easternmost point (169° 39' W) of the Asian continent and Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, United States, the westernmost point (168° 05' W) of the North American continent. At its narrowest point the Bering Strait is only 85 km across beckoning explorers to try crossing its icy waters.Despite the fact that a ferry could potentially cross from the USA to Siberia in two hours, political hurdles restrict traffic across this body of water. Проверено 31 июля 2017. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bering Strait. Wildlife Reserve. It provides an updated kernel (4.1.23) and latest security fixes and upstream versions for curl, e2fsprogs, mhttpd(s), ntp Born 5 August 1681 Horsens, Denmark Died 19 December 1741 (aged 60)Bering Island, Russian Empire Allegiance Russian EmpireService/ branch Imperial Russian Navy Vitus Jonassen Bering (baptised 5 August 1681 – 19 December 1741), [1] [nb 1] also known as Ivan Ivanovich Bering, [2] was a Danish cartographer and explorer in Russian service, and an officer in the Russian Navy. If completed, the 103-kilometer (64 mi) tunnel will be the world's longest. The Bering … [4], In March 1913, Captain Max Gottschalk (German) crossed from the east cape of Siberia to Shishmaref, Alaska, on dogsled via Little and Big Diomede islands. This island is desolate and experiences severe weather. Encyclopædia Britannica. He was buried in a sandbank on the side of a wind-swept hill. It is screened from the Pacific proper by the Aleutian Islands. Bering Strait, strait linking the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea and separating the continents of Asia and North America at their closest point. Bering Sea, c.878,000 sq mi (2,274,020 sq km), northward extension of the Pacific Ocean between Siberia and Alaska. It would block the cold Pacific current from entering the Arctic. From at least 1562, European geographers thought that there was a Strait of Anián between Asia and North America. ", "China may build an undersea train to America", "The Soviet Scientist Who Dreamed of Melting the Arctic with a 55-Mile-Long Dam", Floating Coast: An Environmental History of the Bering Strait, "Russia Plans World's Longest Undersea Tunnel", PBS Video of St. Lawrence Island in Bering Strait, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bering_Strait&oldid=992865590, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:47. Big Diomede Island is the easternmost point of Russia. She tended seaplanes during World War II in the Pacific in combat areas and earned three battle stars by war's end. Diomede Islands, two small islands in the Bering Strait, lying about 2.5 miles (4 km) apart and separated by the U.S.–Russian boundary, which coincides with the International Date Line. "Bering Island, Sea and Strait" . Marooned in the Bering Sea halfway to Siberia, it is well over 300 kilometers and a 24-hour ship ride from the nearest human settlements. The men had visas but the western coast of the Bering Strait is a closed military zone.[2]. They swam from Cape Dezhnev, Russia, to Cape Prince of Wales, United States (roughly 110 kilometers (68 mi), due to the current). He was the first documented modern voyager to cross from Russia to North America without the use of a boat. It is 53 miles (85 km) wide, and at its deepest point is only 90 m (300 ft) in depth. Between August 4 and 10 (US time), 2013, a team of 65 swimmers from 17 countries performed a relay swim across the Bering Strait, the first such swim in history. Cambridge University Press. The eastern coast belongs to the U.S. state of Alaska. In the north … The village in Little Diomede has a school which belongs to Alaska's Bering Strait School District. A physical link between Asia and North America via the Bering Strait nearly became a reality in 1864 when a Russian-American telegraph company began preparations for an overland telegraph line connecting Europe and America via the east. Details of Bering's ill-fated expedition are mainly recorded by Sven Waxell, G.W. ベーリング島(ベーリングとう、ロシア語: Остров Беринга, ラテン文字転写: Ostrov Beringa)は、カムチャツカ半島の東のベーリング海にあるロシア連邦領の島。行政上はカムチャツカ地方アレウト地区(ロシア語版)に属する。, 全長90km、最も広いところで幅24kmの細長い島で面積1660km2、コマンドルスキー諸島の中で最も大きく、同諸島西部の大部分にあたる[2]。ベーリング島の殆どと、その他のコマンドルスキー諸島の島々は、コマンドルスキー自然保護区(ロシア語版)に指定されている。, 「アメリカとロシア国境の隠された宝石」として知られる。ベーリング島には樹木は生えておらず、強風の吹きつける荒涼とした風景が広がっている。また、霧に覆われることが非常に多く、周辺海域では地震が発生することも多いなど、非常に厳しい環境条件である。そのため、1826年に移住者があるまでは無人島であった[3]。現在、島内にはニコルスコエという村があり、人口約700人、その内約300人がアレウト人である。島民はほとんどが漁業関係者である。, ベーリング島の北西側海岸から4kmの位置に、トポルコフ島(ロシア語: Остров Топорков, ラテン文字転写: Ostrov Toporkov)という小島がある[4]。円形に近い島で、直径は約800m程度の大きさである。, 1741年11月7日に探検家ヴィトゥス・ベーリングが率いる船に乗っていたゲオルク・ヴィルヘルム・シュテラーらが当時は無人島であった島へ上陸して以降、記録が残るようになる。ベーリングは、ロシア帝国海軍の艦船「聖ピョートル号」でアリューシャン列島を辿り、アラスカを発見した探検からの帰路の途上であった。しかし、船は嵐によって破壊されてしまい、ベーリングと28人の船員らは壊血病に苦しむ状況で、船を放棄して島で越冬を図るが、ベーリングは壊血病で死亡し島で葬られた[5][6]。以後、ベーリングの名が、島の名として語られるようになった[7]。この越冬から生還者達は、スウェーデン出身の海軍中尉・スヴェン・ワクセルに率いられ、この島で10か月間生活した。生還者たちは、アザラシや鳥を狩って飢えを凌いだ。彼らは、座礁した艦船を基に船を製作し、1742年にカムチャツカ半島・ペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーへと生還した。この際には、この新発見された島で得たラッコの毛皮や肉も持ち帰られた。, シュテラーは、博物学者で医師でもあり、船員達が青海苔を食す理由を与えた。青海苔は壊血病に効果があったのである。シュテラーはベーリング島を探検し、ステラーカイギュウを含む動物相の記録を残した。ステラーカイギュウは、この記録がなされてから30年の間に乱獲に遭い、絶滅へと追い込まれていった。現在、島の最高地点は、このドイツ(神聖ローマ帝国)出身の博物学者にちなんで名付けられている。ロシア本土へと戻ってから、シュテラーはカムチャツカ半島を探検しており、「De Bestiis Marinis」を出版している。しかしながら、シュテラーが原住民へ同情心を向けたことが、シュテラーが反乱を企てていると密告を引き起こし、シュテラーは投獄されることとなった。そして、サンクトペテルブルクへと召還されたが、その途上で病死した。37歳没。しかしながら、シュテラーの遺した日記は後に出版され、大きな反響を得、歴史的に大変貴重な史料となった[8]。, 1743年に、エメリヤン・バソフがラッコ猟のためにベーリング島に来島した。これが、この島でのヒトの居住の始まりであり、それと同時に今まで手つかずだった自然の破壊の始まりでもあった。プロミュシュレンニキ(ロシア語版)は、アリューシャン列島、最終的にはアラスカまでをもベーリング海の島々をアイランドホッピングすることで行き来するようになった。1825年には、露米会社がアッツ島のアレウト族一家をベーリング島で狩猟をさせるために移住させた。そして、それに続くように別のアレウト族グループや人種の混ざった移住者達がベーリング島へと移住してきた。これが、ベーリング島におけるヒトの定住の始まりであった[3]。1867年、ロシア帝国によるアラスカ売却がなされた後も、ベーリング島はペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーの支配下にあった。1827年に110人(ロシア人:17、アレウト人:45、混血:48)だった人口は、1879年には300人を超えた。1990年になって、ニコルスコエに居住するアレウト人の一団が、カムチャツカ州の首府・ペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーでアラスカに住むアレウト人の一団と面会した際、ニコルスコエのアレウト人たちが古いアレウト語でいまだにコミュニケーションをとることが出来ることが発覚し、人々を驚かせた[3]。これは、170年もの間隔絶され、文化交流そのものが絶たれていたためであった。現在、アメリカ合衆国アラスカ州に属するプリビロフ諸島の様な孤立のため、ベーリング島に居住するアレウト人たちは、しばしば遺伝的浮動の研究対象となった[9]。, ベーリング島周辺の地域は、多種多様な野生生物、特に海生哺乳類で知られ、現在自然保護区として指定されている。ベーリング島海岸に生息するラッコはベーリング島の発見から1857年までに絶滅寸前まで狩りつくされたが、現在では、他のアリューシャン列島の島々とは異なり生息数は堅調に回復している[10]。トドは夏の間をベーリング島で過ごすが、マナティーに似たステラーカイギュウは、かつてはベーリング島周辺で見ることが出来たが、狩猟によって狩りつくされ、1768年に絶滅した[5] 。, ベーリング島は、オットセイの繁殖地としても有名で、キタオットセイ、ゼニガタアザラシ、ゴマフアザラシが繁殖の地としている。ただし1913年には、2つの繁殖地で合計3000頭程度にまで数を減らしていた。これは、1911年に膃肭獣保護条約が締結されてから2年後の数である。特に、ハッチンソン、コール、サンフランシスコの業者が結んだ狩猟契約によって20年で80万頭を超えるオットセイが狩られたとされる[5]。, 周辺海域ではクジラも見られ、マッコウクジラ、シャチ、アカボウクジラ科に属するクジラ、ザトウクジラ、セミクジラを見ることが出来る。加えて、ネズミイルカ科が何度か目撃されている。, ベーリング島には数多くの海鳥も生息している。ユネスコによれば、203種類もの海鳥がコマンドルスキー諸島に生息しているとしており、58の営巣地がある。ツノメドリ属の鳥が数多く生息しているが、空を飛ぶことのできないメガネウは1850年代には乱獲が原因で絶滅へと追い込まれた。ベーリング達を苦しめた2種のホッキョクギツネがいまだに島に生息している。この他にも、ヒトの手によってトナカイ、ミンク、そしてネズミがベーリング島にもたらされ、ベーリング島固有の自然に悪影響を与えている[11]。. 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