Varied levels of technology adoption 0000059696 00000 n 0000046181 00000 n Department of Food Science and Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India. Results of the analyses indicate that awareness, availability and profitability of the new improved tef and wheat varieties enhanced farmer’s learning and farmer’s experience had positive Wheat Production Technology - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat (T. aestivum).The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Methodology a. 0000001864 00000 n 0000003508 00000 n 0000041269 00000 n The production of wheat grain leads to a considerable quantity of wheat straw (WS) which is generally considered as waste and burnt in farm land. The optimum temperature for Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . Growth and yield attributes of wheat at different seed rates. h�b```"!6aaf`��0p�X1�U��TrO�����+)RҐ}i��҇n5N-��Z .���pt�Q�Ud���2_$��M#��`J�IPyZF�b��� � 6�!I�Y�����H���NU~�Ul'?�)�( gN�u��UX��;C�C>c����EKn>�\v@{��M9\�7B0�``|�1������M�X�Gf1�ܛ���4@� ��D� endstream endobj 156 0 obj <> endobj 157 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 158 0 obj <> endobj 159 0 obj <> endobj 160 0 obj <> endobj 161 0 obj <> endobj 162 0 obj [/ICCBased 175 0 R] endobj 163 0 obj <> endobj 164 0 obj <>stream Wheat is a staple food for more than one third of the world population and owns a vitalimportance as edible crop of Pakistan. Policy makers, planners and development practitioners should give due attention to these determinants to support smallholder farmers in wheat production and enhance gains derived from it. CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF WHEAT Recommended Guidelines Developed for Small Farmers Cotton-wheat and rice-wheat are the most important cropping patters of the daily diet of common man in Pakistan. 0000003471 00000 n flour is a major constraint in biscuit production. WHEAT& RICE Normal Area (in lakh ha) % Share of area Normal Production (in lakh tonnes) % share of Production Rice 447.750 36.50 868.77 42.77 Wheat 266.925 21.76 721.399 35.52 Total Foodgrains 126.847 100.00 2031.081 100.00 PDF | Wheat is the most widely grown crop in the world and provides 20% of the daily protein and of the food calories for 4.5 billion people. Annual wheat production in South Africa ranges from 1,5 to 3 million t/ha at the rate of 2 to 2,5 t/ha under dryland and about 5 t/ha under irrigation. 0000027549 00000 n 0000079984 00000 n It is used to fulfill the dietary requirement of billions of people in the world. Production of wheat by smallholder farmers in Ethiopia contributes a significant share to the agricultural production of the country. 0000098567 00000 n Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. 0000003209 00000 n It is therefore of economic ABSTRACT Production and evaluation of biscuits from Xanthosoma sagittifolium cv okoriko was studied. trailer <]/Prev 843939>> startxref 0 %%EOF 188 0 obj <>stream In 2008, Nebraska ranked 12th in total wheat production and ninth in total winter wheat production. These cereals are grown over an area of 98.6 m ha producing 162 m tons (Table1). 0000001292 00000 n and dissemination of improved wheat technology, to study cost benefit analysis of the varieties and to collect feedback or farmers preference of the study areas. The wheat production made by using improved varieties’ certified seeds is 16,38 % more, hay output 2,39 % less, and profit 11,00 % more than the wheat production made by uncertified seeds. Sarhad J. Agric. These early wheat varieties are now mechanically dehulled. 155 0 obj <> endobj xref 155 34 0000000016 00000 n The study also revealed that adopters of wheat and tef technologies have increased their production by 20% and 39%, respectively, than non-adopters. Hard red winter wheat has stayed important for so long Production Technology : Rice (oryza sativa) is staple food half of the world. Production Technology of Wheat: Climactic condition of cultivation of wheat Wheat is a Rabi crop. Huge sums of money are involved in wheat importation: in 2010 alone, Nigeria spent #635 billion ($4.2 billion) on the importation of wheat (Momoh, 2011). 0000002335 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� Wheat Seed Production Technique Manual 7 5.2 Climate and soil condition (A) Climate Wheat crop is major crop of hilly region; however, it is cultivated both in hills and Terai region. 0000122912 00000 n 0000090028 00000 n The goal of increasing wheat productivity and production will be realized if and only if the ultimate 0000038426 00000 n SWI is a technology of wheat production which is based on manipulation of soil environment with minimum external input and very low seed rate. In the marketing year of 2019/2020, the global production volume of wheat amounted to over 765 million metric tons. 0000000976 00000 n Wheat is an important cereal crop grown in India. Wheat is a rabi crop which is sown in the beginning of winter (November-December) and is harvested in the beginning of summer. 0000002946 00000 n For new wheat technologies to be adopted, they must be appropriate to the biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of the producers. H��W�nG}�W�� 2�k_��˱8��0#��Dۘ��s�-.�(yA�}��o���S/&�����n�������?�f��l5z��?܎�O&�83��h,~�;�Z��� ��l&��o'���ޙw��^��t���[3yu��۳����˜�6�����Ϛ7'�g���c�]C��C�@w�L����Pct����a�X�79���'���r9_]�/̛�����b5�5/��W�k��7!���hn��џxW�_�y�����̚���_/�y���ߋɈ.���=������1��u&������f�^�?�>�n�tuah�5c?��K��f1�o��. Prepared by ; Touqeer Yazdan 2. 0000132421 00000 n 0000033568 00000 n However, the actual productivity of the crop has been far below its potential. 0000038824 00000 n The average wheat yield in developing countries in 1950 was about 700 kg/ha. By 1996 average yield tripled to 2241 kg/ha. This document prepared by Irfan Arshad, Creadit & VO Help Officer Crop Maximization Project-II, Rahim Yar Khan under food security program for small farmers of Govt. 0000098934 00000 n Wheat is a staple food for more than one third of the world population and owns a vitalimportance as edible crop of Pakistan. Introduction Barley is a rabbi cereal grain crop Ranked 4th in cereal Locally called “Jao”(Urdu) Old English word “Beare” Latin word Farine “flour” Prepared by ; Touqeer Yazdan Wheat starch production, structure, functionality and applications—a review. Cereals like Sorghum, Millets, Wheat, Maize and Rice are major staple foods of the most population. b. PDF | On Apr 10, 2010, Mohammad Safar Noori published Seed Production technology of wheat. 2010. Sowing of wheat: Source of calories, protein, vitamins, fats and minerals 60% 60% Constitutes consumed on average per captita annually. 0000010203 00000 n Continued improvements by breeding and modern technology for production have kept Kansas the number one wheat state in the nation. •Wheat is conditioned for milling. All of Ne-braska wheat is winter wheat of which 98 percent is Hard Red Winter (HRW) and 2 percent is Hard White (HW). The south western parts of the Western Cape (Swartland and Rûens) contribute about 650 000 tons, Northern Cape about 300 000 tons, Free It is sown in mid-October-mid-November and harvested in March. Keywords: Wheat technology package Adoption index Two-limit Tobit model Eastern Ethiopia Hararghe Introduction 0000089904 00000 n The top wheat producing states (in order of production) in 2008 were Kansas, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma and Montana. of Punjab explains the latest technology of ensuring maximum yield of wheat crop. 120 kg /ha – For coarse size grain. Production technology of barley 1. CONTENTS Seed Production Techniques for Cereals 1 Paddy (Oryza sativa) 2 Wheat (Triticum aestivum) 6 Seed Production Techniques for Millets 8 Maize (Zea mays) 9 Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) 11 Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) 13 Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana) 16 Kodo Millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) 18 Foxtail Millet / Italian Millet (Setaria italica) 20 Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum) 22 Accordingly, allocation of one more hectare of have different labor characteristics; some save labor, the farm land to wheat production increases adoption of while others significantly demand it, and wheat wheat technology package by a factor of 0.285, other technologies, unlike other crop technologies do not factors kept constant. Wheat crop requires cold and dry weather conditions. 0000048830 00000 n Spelt, too, can create good bread. It is the important cereal crop and used as a feed about 4 billion people in the world. Wheat science has undergone countless new developments since the previous edition was published. This help the parts of the kernel to be separated easily and cleanly •Tempered wheat is stored in bins from 8-24 hours, depending on the type of wheat - soft, medium or hard 0000037629 00000 n Labor re-quirements for wheat production, estimated as 375 man-days ha … 0000098503 00000 n 0000016035 00000 n It is well known that the generation and transfer of technology is not an end in itself. Centre for Applied Agriculture, ... View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Barley Hordeum vulgare 3. PAULSEN: TECHNOLOGY OF WHEAT IN CHINA 65 Wheat is intensively cropped in China, and its pro-duction is more akin to gardening than to field cropping as practiced in the West (Wortman, 1975). Lesson 4 Milling of wheat 27-32 Lesson 5 Criteria of wheat flour quality, Improvers for wheat flour, types of wheat flour ... production in India 118-122 Soil treatment in Wheat farming:- Azatobacter 2.5 kg + Phosphetica culture 2.5 kg + trycoderma powder 2.5 kg mix with 100 to 125 kg Farm Yard Manure (FYM) & broadcast at the time of last ploughing.Seed rate and its treatment in Wheat farming:- Seed rate in wheat farming as follows: 100 kg/ha – For normal condition. In general, WS has no economic value, even though its composition is rich in cellulose hemicelluloses, lignin, silicate, potassium oxide, and calcium oxide that could form the basis of several industrial processes. 0000098249 00000 n Some strains of einkorn can make raised bread or pasta. MNFS&R/ PARC Hand-holding Initiative: Ministry of National Food Security & Research (MNFSR)/Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) realized its responsibilities to play advisory role for the promotion of Agricultural Enterprises by using loan scheme by the Govt of Pakistan and other organizations. Table 1: Area and production of selected cereal crops Crop Africa (2012) Area (ha) Production (t) Maize 34,075,972 70,076,591 8 7. wheat technology packages. This document prepared by Irfan Arshad, Creadit & VO Help Office…, 95% found this document useful (21 votes), 95% found this document useful, Mark this document as useful, 5% found this document not useful, Mark this document as not useful, Save Wheat Production Technology For Later. Wheat is cultivated in almost all parts of India. Therefore the problem of low productivity of wheat in hilly region of Nepal could be addresses by SWI techniques but some more work These were supplemented with technologies including methods of sowing, seed rate, irrigation, The Turkey hard red winter wheat brought to Kansas by Mennonites in 1874 quickly became the most important crop in the state. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 0000132485 00000 n Khetan Shevkani. 0000003622 00000 n Wheat is a staple food for more than one third of the world population and owns a vitalimportance as edible crop of Pakistan. 0000021546 00000 n Geographically India has been divided into six wheat growing zones. cost of production for wheat. 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